Sunday, October 19, 2008

Manuel Gonçalves Cardinal Cerejeira

He was born in 1888 and died in 1977. He was the Patriarch of Lisbon from 1929 to 1971. He was made a cardinal also in 1929, which makes his cardinalate of 48 years the longest since Henry Benedict Stewart (1747 to 1805: No-one is ever gonna beat that).

Some offcial occasion. To the left of Cardinal Cerejeira you see (if I am not mistaken and please tell me if I am) the French Cardinal Baudrillart.

With other Portugese prelates that I cannot identify.

Update: A reader just sent in this information: "Since Cerejeira was ordained a bishop until 1928 (in the photo he is holding a bishop's birretta) the the prelate next to his is a cardinal and it must be his predecessor Cardinal Bello ( it looks like him ). Cerejeira became the patriarch and cardinal the next year."


Cardinal Cerejeira is second from left. The other Cardinals are (lefto to right) Pla y Deniel, Tedeschini (?) and Gerlier.

Walking under a canpoy

I'd start thinking about some serious changes if my canons had a cappa and I didn't.

With Pope Paul VI

With a whole bunch of utterly cute kids and some proud moms


latinmass1983 said...

In some of these pictures we can see the custom of the Patriarch of Lisbon wearing a pectoral cross with a double bar.

Anyone know when that started?

Pius Redivivus said...

In the first picture, is there a reason why the cardinal is wearing his feraiuolo with his choir cassock? I recall hearing mention of something like that called "habitus solemnis civilis" in the comments of one of your previous posts, but I've never heard of this before.

Could you elaborate a bit on this practice?

Thanks! I'm a huge fan of your blog and your beautiful photos.

leo said...

Pius, glad to hear you like my blog and the photos!

Regarding the picture of Cardinal Cerejeira: All I know is that the habit pretty much is what is says: A civil habit that is more solemn.

I don't know exactly when it was introduced, apparently though it was in the early 20st century. The Belgian Cardinal Van Roey seems to have been a big fan of this habit, since I have seen quite a lot of photos on which he was wearing it. I try to find some and put them online.

leo said...

Latinmass: Sorry, couldn't get any information about the origin of the double-barred pectoral cross!

Pius Redivivus said...

Interesting -- thanks!

Gregor said...

re: pectoral cross with a double traverse

I would think that this began when the (titular) Patriarchate of Lisbon was erected by Clement XI in 1716, at which time "elaborate privileges and honours were granted to the new patriarch and his successors", as the Catholic Encyclopedia puts it (although it seems that some of these privileges aren't actually documented). However, apparently there was (is?) another case; as Fr Shetler notes, "the Archbishop of Armagh and the Patriarch of Lisbon use a pectoral cross with a double traverse", cf. note 17

Re: habitus civilis solemnis (or solemnior) - I haven't checked this, but if my understanding of the development of prelatial costume is correct, originally there only was what we today call the choir cassock, which prelates would wear whenever they left the house - which is why the "normal" cassock (black with piping) is still sometimes called the "house cassock". It was only formally and generally granted as a costume for less solemn non-liturgical occasions by Bl. Pius IX, which is why it is called habitus pianus. Someone correct me if I got this wrong.

latinmass1983 said...

Regarding the picture with the update, it is also clear that at this point he was still a bishop because of the color of his clerical dress (and the biretta witht he pom-pon).

Mgr. Nabuco, I think, also mentions the particular form of pectoral cross used by those two prelates, but the origin is not clear at all.

The solemn habit seems to be used for graduations and similar ceremonies. I do not think that there are strict rules about that, though. Otherwise, it would be easy to find them.

Gregor said...

I didn't say the origin is clear, but I think the explanation I offer is the most obvious, so until we see something pointing to another origin I'll stick with it.

As for occasions when the habitus solemnis is worn, I think I have seen written rules about that once, but I cannot remember now where.

latinmass1983 said...


Have you ever found pictures of any of the Patriarchs of Lisbon making use of the Papal privileges granted to the patriarchate of Lisbon?

leo said...


no, I've been desperately looking for some pictures but never found any so far. Of course I'll post them should I eventually fond some!

Anonymous said...

O.K. I have not been able to find anything either.

At most, I have only found pictures of some of the extra things he was allowed to use, but all separetely.


Anonymous said...

In the second picture the prelate sitting next to (then) Archbishop Cerejeres (sp?) is identified as Cardinal Bello, previous Patriafch of Lisbon. I don't think so. This prelate is not wearing a ring or pectoral cross, hsi biretta is tufted and with a very different shape, and I don't see any watered silk. could he be a canon?

Anonymous said...

Hi everyone

I have recently found out that Cardinal Cerejeira was a relative of mine, apparently no one in my family likes to talk much about him due to his ruthless being...
but what i know is that most of my family are from Vila Nova de Famalicao (where my granddad was born), from what i have been told he was my granddad's cousin


Angelo Goncalves

Anonymous said...

No, it is definitely not Cardinal Belo on the second photo sitting with Cerejeira. Neither on the third photo. No resemblance at all of both to Belo!