Thursday, May 29, 2008

Best of "color cappae"

As announced, here is the first "spill-over" from the old "Far Sight", a collection of color-images showing prelates in cappa magna. There are also some previously unposted pictures:

From top to bottom: Santiago Luis Cardinal Copello, archbishop of Buenos Aires; Ildebrando Cardinal Antoniutti and Paul-Emile Cardinal Leger, archbishop of Montreal all during the same occasion, somewhere in Canada, I believe.

Two archbishops of Salzburg, Austria: The first one is Friedrich Johannes Jacob Cölestin Cardinal Fürst zu Schwarzenberg, archbishop from 1835 to 1850. The second one is Andras Rohracher, archbishop from 1943 to 1969. The archbishops of Salzburg have the privilege to wear cardinalatial red.

Two archbishops of Vienna: First Theodor Cardinal Innitzer, archbishop from 1932 to 1955, then Franz Cardinal König, archbishop from 1956 to 1985 (retired).

Albert Gregory Cardinal Meyer, archbishop of Chicago from 1958 to 1965.

Eugène Gabriel Gervais Laurent Cardinal Tisserant

Jusztinián Györg Cardinal Serédi, archbishop of Esztergom and Primate of Hungary from 1928 to 1945. He did not die, as the date might suggest, during the war, but shortly afterwards. It is said that his heart broke and his will failed after he saw his diocese and country in ruins.

Juan Gualberto Cardinal Guevara, archbishop of Lima, Peru from 1945 to 1954.

Francis Cardinal Spellman (with autograph!), archbishop of New York from 1939 to 1967.

Pope Pius XII with Ignace Gabriel Cardinal Tappouni, patriarch of Antiochia from 1929 to 1968.

Bl. Andrea Carlo Cardinal Ferrari, archbishop of Milan from 1894 to 1921.


Anonymous said...

hey leo. just going through your archives and looking for info about cappa magna. i was curios to what is the protocol with wearing pectoral crosses with the cappa magna? it seems like they wear their crosses with a chain as with the abito piano rather than with the cord as to what is for choir dress..

some info please?


leo said...

Hi Anon!

According to Nainfa, when a cardinal wears the "solemn church dress" (cassock, cincture, rochet, cappa magna, skull-cap and biretta) the pectoral cross should be worn under the cappa, so it is not seen.

When a cardinal wears the "less solemn church dress" (cassock, cincture, rochet, mozzetta, skull-cap, biretta) the pontifical (for ceremonies of the Church) pectoral cross is worn suspended from a cord. The ordinary (for ordinary daily life) pectoral cross, suspended from a chain, seems to be merely tolerated and not very popular with the Roman MCs.

This information is from a book from 1909!

Anonymous said...

thanks leo!

as usual, your always someone we can count on!

another question though, what is the present prescribed length for Cappas? and also, whats the difference between an episcopal and archiepiscopal cappa magna? is there anyway we can distinguish them? color or cut or any outward sign?

leo said...

Hmmm... Hard to say what the prescribed length is, since the cappa fell out of use in Rome so there doesn't seem to be any "status quo" regulation on that. But even before the council it was possible to see cappae varying in length quite dramatically.

I haven't read anything "official" on the difference between an episcopal and an archiepiscopal cappa, but I know that the cappa of a bishop is supposed to be made of purple wool, while I have seen not a few archiepiscopal cappae that were made of purple silk. So my best guess would be the difference is in the material.