Thursday, March 19, 2009

The Patriarchs of Lisbon...

... had a bucket full of privileges. I often read about them but never saw any photos where you could actually see them. I finally found some pictures. Enjoy!


The first five photos show António Cardinal Mendes Belo, Patriarch of Lisbon from 1907 to 1929. Here you can see that the Patriarchs did not only have a very nice canopy (which of course is not a special privilege) but also flabella and a falda:








On the next two photos you can see Manuel Cardinal Gonçalves Cerejeira, successor of Cardinal Belo, Patriarch of Lisbon from 1929 to 1971. You can see the flabella and the fanon again and also the patriarchal miter which was designed to look like a tiara. The Patriarch of Lisbon had the privilege to wear the tiara but - maybe out of respect for the Pope - apparently never actually wore one but only miters that - at least from far away - looked a bit like tiaras:






On the last three photos (Cardinal Belo again) you don't see any privilege, but one just doesn't pass up pictures of prelates and their carriages:



10 comments:

father wb said...

Are those chasubles over cottas in the first and fifth photos? If so, what's up with that?

latinmass1983 said...
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Caesar said...

http://traditionalcatholicism83.blogspot.com/2007/12/papal-privileges-for-patriarch-of.html

http://traditionalcatholicism83.blogspot.com/2007/12/patriarch-of-lisbon-again.html

Another fotos and text about privilege's given to Patriarch of Lisbon.

latinmass1983 said...

As has been my theory ever since I began to do reseach about the privileges of the Patriarchs of Lisbon, the photos on my blog and these ones prove that the flabella of the Patriarchs are much smaller than the ones the Popes used. Also, some of these pictures seem to be proof of what Msgr. Nabuco says: they were not allowed to be carried (sedia gestatoria) in procession even though they had a (smaller) sedia gestatoria.

Another privilege that we can see here is the (red) falda. In at least one of the pictures, it can be seen that the color of the falda does not match the color of the cassock. This might mean that the Patriarch at this point had not been created a Cardinal. Another picture seems to suggest that even more strongly, as the Patriarch's Biretta has a tuft (Bishop/Archbishop - not yet a Carndinal).

My other theory, which Msgr. Nabuco does not state so obviously, is that the "Manto" the Patriarchs of Lisbon used was not as ample as the ones the Popes used. We can see that in some of the pictures here.

The Mitre-tiara seems to have just been used in place of the "precious" mitre or something like that because he is not wearing it in procession (as the Popes would wear the Triregnum).

John said...

and is that a fanone that I see?

latinmass1983 said...
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latinmass1983 said...

Yes, they also had the privilege of wearing the Fanon. Over the Fanon, he is wearing the Pallium (the cross we see belongs to the Pallium, not to the Fanon).

Paul said...

The Patriarchs of Lisbon did make use of several special privileges. Among them was the two bar cross which you see in the picture of the Portuguese Episcopate latter in the blog. The question of the tuff on the Beretta needs to be investigated. Both Cardinal Neto in the postcard of the Portuguese Episcopate and last months blog and Cardinal Mendes Belo in these pictures are seen wearing Beretta with tuff. Neto was made a Cardinal in 1884 and Mendes Belo did not receive his Beretta until 1914. Could this be another privilege? However, the picture of him with Beretta seems to be from his latter years. Also interesting is that both Mendes Belo and Cerejeira are preceded and followed by prelates in Cope and Miter. Are these Bishops or canons?

Dan said...

father wb,

That's what is called clad in paratti. meaning the wear the symbols of there office in procession. this is don on major feasts such as Corpus Christi.

John said...

"Canonici parati" which is Latin for canons in vestments. In every pontifical mass the canons put copes, chasubles, dalmatics or tunicles according to their "order" in the chapter, although normally they were all priests. This is why the two assistant deacons and assistant priest do not use albs in a pont mass. They are canonici parati. In the Corpus Christi procession the priests may accompany the Blessed Sacrament vested in full mass ornaments, this is a different issue from the parati.