It must be Lent or a period of mourning. The cardinal is wearing the purple cappa.
It looks red wattered silk to me...
... and if it was in a penitential time, the bishop would be using his penitential choir habit.
Quick observation, is it me or does it seem like Archbishop Lawrence Sheehan wearing the Mozetta with the Manteletta? I thought that was only a right reserved for Cardinals? Any info?It does look like that His Eminence is not wearing Watered Scarlet Silk but the Penitential Purple as shown with the contrast of His Biretta with the Cappa Magna on the picture with His Excellency.. Very curious.. Hope somebody could shed some light on this!
Cardinals who were clerks regular were not allowed to wear silk - Bea was a Jesuit.
Formerly, the rochet was viewed as a mark of jurisdiction or rank. That is why it was covered with the manteletta when a Diocesan bishop appeared outside his diocese, and why an auxiliary bishop only ever wore the manteletta in place of the mozetta.Within his own diocese, however, in the presence of a greater prelate (in the case of this scene, Cardinal Bea), the Diocesan bishop wore the mozetta over the mantelletta. This distinguished him from other bishops who might be present, but yet still signified that a prelate of greater rank than his was present.Similarly, a Cardinal WITHIN Rome appeared with the rochet covered by manteletta and mozetta, signifying his own distinct rank as a Prince of the Church but lacking the jurisdiction enjoyed only by the Bishop of Rome.Charming little curiousities.
Bea was a big player at Vatican II. I wonder what he would think of things today.
You can see the honor guards of the Knights of Columbus in the back!
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